Cingulum NeuroSciences Institute, functions and pathologies of Cingulate Cortex



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Cingulate Cortex

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Rat Cingulate Cortex & Disease Models

Pain Processing, Cingulate Cortex and the Medical Pain System

A Psychiatrist’ Perspective on Cingulate Cortex

Alzheimer’s Disease

Kids’ Cingulate Kortex Korner



Cingulate Gyrus Overview

Cingulate Gyrus: Abbreviations

AC ac anterior commissure
ACC anterior cingulate cortex
ACTH adrenocorticotropin hormone
AD anterodorsal thalamic nucleus
AM anteromedial thalamic nucleus
AS arcuate sulcus
AV anteroventral thalamic nucleus
CalS calcarine sulcus
CaS cas cas callosal sulcus
CC cc corpus callosum
CCs scc splenium of the corpus callosum
Cdc central densocellular thalamic nucleus
Ce Central nucleus of thalamus
CeM centrum medianum thalamic nucleus (also CnMd)
CG cingulate gyrus
CGv vCG ventral bank of the cingulate gyrus
Cif central inferior thalamic nucleus
Cl central lateral thalamic nucleus
Clc central latocellular thalamic nucleus
CML caudomedial lobule
CMSR caudomedial subregion
CnMD centrum medianum thalamic nucleus (also CeM)
CNS central nervous system
CRH corticotropin releasing hormone
Cs central superior thalamic nucleus
CS cgs cingulate sulcus
Csl central superior lateral thalamic nucleus
CTPCS ctpcs common truck of the parieto-occipital and calcarine sulci
dMCC dorsal midcingulate cortex
fMRI functional MRI
Hb habenula
HIT / HIPT / THI habenulointerpreduncular tract, tractus habenuloointerpeduncularis
HRP horseradish peroxidase
IG IGr indusium griseum
IML internal medullary lamina
IPS intraparietal sulcus
IRS irs inferior rostral sulcus
LD laterodorsal thalamic nucleus
LF lateral fissure
LG lateral geniculate thalamic nucleus
Li limitans thalamic nucleus
LM lateral magnocellular thalamic nucleus (rabbit)
LP lateral posterior thalamic nucleus
MCC midcingulate cortex
MD mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
Mdm mediodorsal thalamic nucleus, magnocellular division
MDp, MDpc mediodorsal thalamic nucleus, parvicellular division
MITN midline and intralaminar thalamic nuclei
MR mr marginal ramus of the cingulate sulcus
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
msec millisecond
MTT mamillothalamic tract
NeuN antibody to neuron-specific nuclear binding proteins
NFP neurofilament proteins
NFP-ir immunoreactive-nonphosphorylated neurofilament proteins
NTS nucleus of the solitary tract
OTS occipitotemporal sulcus
PAG periaqueductal gray
PaO pols parolfactory sulcus
pACC perigenual anterior cingulate cortex
Pc paracentral thalamic nucleus
PCC posterior cingulate cortex
PCS pcgs paracingulate sulcus
PET positron emission tomography
Pf parafascicular thalamic nucleus
PHG parahippocampal gyrus
PHGt transitional parahippocampal gyrus
Po posterior thalamic nucleus
POS pos parieto-occipital sulcus
PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
Pro area properistriata
PrT pretectum; anterior pretectal nucleus
PS parasubiculum
PSD postsplenial dimple
Pt parataenial thalamic nucleus
Pv paraventricular thalamic nucleus
rCBF regional cerebral blood flow
Re reunions thalamic nucleus
Rh rhomboid thalamic nucleus
RhS rhs rhinal sulcus
RS rs rostral sulcus
RSC retrosplenial cortex
SCG sCG superior cingulate gyrus
sec second
SEM standard error of the mean
SGSR subgenual subregion
Sm submedial thalamic nucleus
SMI32 antibody for nonphosphorylated neurofilament proteins
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography
SpS spls splenial sulcus(i)
SRS srs superior rostral sulcus
STS superior temporal sulcus
STT spinothalamic tract
Sub subiculum
SUDS Subjective Units of Distress Scale
TCES transcutaneous electrical stimulation
THI / HIT / HIPT tractus habenulointerpeduncularis; habenulointerpreduncular tract
µl microliter
µm micrometer
VA ventral anterior thalamic nucleus
VB ventrobasal thalamic nucleus
vCG ventral bank of the cingulate gyrus
VLO ventral orbitoofrontal cortex
VM ventromedial thalamic nucleus
VMpo posterior division of the ventromedial thalamic nucleus
VPL ventral posterolateral thalamic nucleus
VPM ventral posteromedial thalamic nucleus

copyright 2004-2009 Cingulum NeuroSciences Institute. All rights reserved.
Brent A. and Leslie J. Vogt.